In the gospels of Matthew and Luke, we read about the genealogy of Jesus. They differ in a number of ways. Matthew traces Jesus’ ancestry from Abraham to Mary while Luke traces it from Joseph, Mary’s husband to Adam. Read Matthew 1:1-17 and Luke 3:23-38. What other differences do you find in the two accounts?
Matthew called Jesus, the Son of David and the Son of Abraham. He includes other women beside Mary in the genealogy when it was unusual to do so. Solomon is mentioned in Matthew’s genealogy but in Luke’s David’s son Nathan is mentioned instead.
Read Matthew 1:3-6 again. Note the women who are mentioned. Tamar tricked her father-in-law, Judah into getting her pregnant after he reneged on his promise to her (Genesis 38). Rahab was a prostitute in the city of Jericho who protected the Hebrew spies (Joshua 2), Ruth was a Moabitess who left her home and her people to follow her mother-in-law (Ruth 1-4) and Bathsheba was a married woman with whom King David committed adultery (2 Samuel 11).
What important lesson could we learn from these women’s inclusion in the genealogy of Jesus?